The agama is a small, long tailed, insect eating lizard, often colourful. There are 2 species found in the Maasai Mara, namely Blue-Headed Tree Agama (Acanthocercus atricollis), Mwanza Flat-headed Agama (Agama mwanzae), and the Tropical Spiny Agama (Agama armata).
Agamas are mainly insectivorous but may eat grass, berries, seeds and the eggs of other smaller lizards.
Most agamas are polygamous. Males may hold six or more females in their territory for breeding. During courtship, the male bobs his head to impress the female. Occasionally, females initiate courtship by offering their hindquarters to the male and then running until he is able to catch up. Eggs are laid in clutches of up to twelve.